Tabaristan was located in the northern region of present-day Iran bordering on the Caspian Sea. This area was located along one of the many routes of the famous Silk Road trade route network which connected southern Europe, the Middle East, East Africa, Western, Central and East Asia. Trade on the Great Silk Road facilitated in many ways the development of some aspects of East Asian, Indian, Persian, East African as well as Eastern and Southern European cultures and civilizations, opening a lasting, long distance economic and philosophical exchange.

The coinage that was struck in this region helped to facilitate trade along the Great Silk Road and in the local economy. These coins were hammer struck in silver and gold. Their designs were highly artistic and could be considered high relief by today’s standards. Common subjects depicted on the coinage were rulers, gods and items or places of cultural or religious significance.